Thе Middle Ages – this is the era of church domination over the spiritual essence of man, which determined in those years the social framework and aesthetic foundations. The human body was unworthy of image and admiring, especially feminine. The harmony of physical and spiritual beauty ceased to be a postulate and sank into oblivion – it crumbled into the wreckage of pagan temples, burned down in the fires of barbaric invasions, was lost in the scriptures of monasteries. She was replaced by medieval clothes made of cascades of fabric: she packed and hid the earthly beauty of the body, which was now considered sinful, exchanging it for a long time for vanity and wealth of a costume artfully crafted by the tailor and master of decor.
Medieval female fashion
There is nothing of the sort as one, universally handy medieval female costume. In the Late Medieval period, somewhere in the range of the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, medieval dress and different garments were experiencing numerous changes. Garments in the thirteenth century, medieval dresses essentially, were usually loose and not fitted to the body ( cotte, surcoat).
Around the center of the fourteenth century, medieval dresses started to change and turned out to be well-fitted ( cotehardie, Burgundian dress ). Since the finish of the fourteenth century, women’s medieval costumes started to show up once more, exceptionally spacious, with a cloche-cut and fastened with a belt under breasts ( houppelande, robe ). Such medieval dresses were used among different kinds of garments ( cotehardie ), together making a wide scope of medieval female attire.
Medieval clothing is an immensely wide term, covering the basic tunics of the tenth century, the cottes and bliants of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the fitted kirtles, gowns, and cotes of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries to the massive houppelande and Burgundian gowns of the later fifteenth century.
Medieval Fashion for Men
fifth and sixth centuries, Anglo-Saxon men wore tunics, trousers, leggings, and strappy cowhide shoes alongside belts and girdles to hold the tunic set up. European men’s medieval fashion, as a rule, implied that men wore numerous layers of tunics so that the one with a shorter sleeve could serve as an undershirt. Occasionally, medieval fashion trends implied that men wore togas and hide lined cloaks. The hose would later on in the medieval period supplant medieval fashion trousers. Men’s medieval fashion clothes, in the long run, became shorter. The Burgundian time frame set the pattern for the medieval fashion of fitted short clothes coupled with pointed shoes, which demonstrated the wearer’s status symbol. Men who wore pointier shoes had a higher position in the social stepping stool. The tunic became smaller before it in the long run transformed into the doublet. Medieval men were partial to wearing wide-overflowed hats, felt caps, and hoods to secure their heads during extraordinary climate conditions. Gloves and mittens were likewise worn consistently.
Medieval Fashion for Kids
Not at all like grown-up people who needed to dress as per their riches or position, little kids younger than 10 delighted in pragmatic and useful clothes, without social implications. Boys were dressed in Haut de chausse, stockings worn with a couple of underpants.
It was a satisfactory medieval fashion for boys to wear dresses until they turned 10 years old enough, the age where Medieval parents started dressing them up in grown-up medieval fashion items, similar to male adults.
Girls, on one hand, wore the same types of clothes as boys and grown-up females. They wore long-sleeved and high-necked tunics, sometimes weaved with charming animals and designs that coordinated their age.
The most widely recognized headdress of the Middle Ages was a simple cloth top – a sprinter, whose ubiquity was because of the way that even the honorability had to use it as a sofa in the engine of junk mail. In a major fashion, there were felt hats – barrel-shaped, cone-shaped, with an edge or with a visor. Another well-known headdress was the hood. It could be customized with a shroud or it could be one piece with a small wrap covering its shoulders and upper arms. Honorable ladies were permitted to wear a simple cloth scarf. Be that as it may, in this case, they attempted to enrich the head with a gold circle or even a chased crown encrusted with precious stones. Ordinary clothing in the early Middle Ages was sewn from fabrics of dim, dark, earthy colored, and purple. For quite a while, the yellow shading was fashionable – a symbol of the military. Red and green were considered the colors of respectability. Be that as it may, in the XV century. blue and green colors have not been used so broadly, yet they have surrendered yellow and earthy colored. In the second 50% of the
XV century. a strict mix of highly contrasting is supplanted by a mix of yellow and blue. Hide was considered the most wonderful and expensive finish. The special law (regal declaration) of the King of France in 1294 established that lone squirrel and ermine fur garments could just know and rich citizens depended uniquely on feline hide.
In the fourteenth century, shoes were mostly made from leather, which was often tawed, rather than tanned. Tanning changed the structure of the leather, making it last longer and less likely to decompose. Tawing, on the other hand, was a process that made the leather softer and easier to stretch. The leather was soaked in a solution that could include egg yolks, flour, and potash.
Leather shoes were made by the turn shoe method. A soft piece of leather – the upper – was placed skin side down on the last. It was stitched to the sole and turned inside out.
Most shoes were very simple and men’s and women’s shoes were similar. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, there wasn’t even any difference between right and left shoes, other than that made by the wearer’s feet in use. Over the century, this changed, at least in the shoes made for the wealthy.
There were various ways of making sure that shoes didn’t come off. They could be laced on the side or top, buckled, and they might be made with or without back straps.
Shoes for the wealthy could have patterns scored in them in which the top of the leather was scraped away to reveal the suede beneath. Alternatively, leather uppers could be decorated with scoring, patterning of the leather, and embroidery. Sometimes the leather was decorated by punching holes in it to make diamond-shaped openings, forming a lattice on the upper of the shoe. Sometimes the spaces created would be filled with embroidery. It made the leather very fragile, though, so was presumably something only for the wealthy, for whom shoes tended to be more decorative than useful or hard-wearing.